Summary: This article gives a rundown of judicial elections in Texas: what they are, what positions are up for a vote, and why you should care about them.
Although many states elect at least some of their judges, as of 2020 Texas is one of only six states to run partisan (party-based) elections for all state judicial positions. If you were one of the 17 percent of Texans who voted in the March primary for the 2022 midterm elections, like me you probably encountered several pages of candidates for all sorts of judicial positions in your county and across the state. All kinds of judges, justices—and something called a “justice of the peace”? Some of the candidates were unopposed in their primaries and might even run unopposed in the general election, while other races had 3 or 4 candidates competing. Perhaps the information overload of all these judicial elections is one reason for Texas’s incredibly low primary turnout.